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Important Crops Produced In The World

Important Crops Produced In The World

Posted On:2016-04-07    Category: Farming & Agribusiness
Important Crops Produced In The World

 

Sweet potatoes

Annual Production 2008: 110,128,298 tons

Average Yield 2008: 13.5 tons/hectare

The rundown:Sweet potatoes are another crop native to South America that is now majorly produced by China. They are only distantly related to regular potatoes, and in the U.S. they are often confused with yams. Sweet potatoes are a great source of protein, vitamins A and C, iron, and calcium. They grow very harmoniously with the earth -- few natural enemies make pesticides unnecessary.

Yams

Annual Production 2008: 51,728,233 tons

Average Yield 2008: 10.5 tons/hectare

The rundown:  Most yams are produced in West and Central Africa, with Nigeria far and away the biggest producer in the world. Yams are the first harvested crop of the year, which marks the beginning of several Yams Festivals throughout Africa. They can get up to almost five feet in length.

Sorghum

Annual Production 2008: 65,534,273 tons

Average Yield 2008: 1.5 tons/hectare

Sorghum is the fifth most important cereal crop worldwide. It is drought and heat tolerant and thus an important crop in arid regions where major cereals do not produce sufficient yields. Consumption of sorghum, however, has decreased considerably in many African countries, especially in urban areas. (Source: Reuters)

The rundown: Arid regions love sorghum, a heat and drought-resistant crop. Though overall consumption of sorghum has gone down in many African countries, it's still considered the fifth most important cereal crop globally. Sorghum bicolor is the name of the edible plant -- it has other, wilder relatives that are grown as foliage.

Soybeans

Annual Production 2008: 230,952,636 tons

Average Yield 2008: 2.4 tons/hectare

The rundown: Soybeans are on double duty as both nutritious for humans -- with significant amino acids, protein and oil -- and for soil as a natural fertilizer. It produces twice as much protein per acre as any other major vegetable crop. Supply is far outweighed by demand for this energizer bean.

Rice

Annual Production 2008: 685,013,374 tons

Average Yield 2008: 4.3 tons/hectare

The rundown: Rice may be even more important than corn as a food crop, since corn is used for other purposes outside consumption. Thus, rice is the source of more than 1/5th of all calories consumed by humans. It may also be the thirstiest crop: according to the U.N., farmers need at least 2,000 liters of water to make one kilogram of rice.

Wheat

Annual production 2008: 689,945,712 tons

Average Yield 2008: 3.1 tons/hectare

The rundown: Wheat covers more of the earth than any other crop. It's a resilient crop, growing in the dry and cold climates where rice and corn cannot. Wheat is the leading source of vegetable protein for humans worldwide.

Potatoes

Annual Production 2008: 314,140,107 tons

Average Yield 2008: 17.2 tons/hectare

The rundown: Potatoes are the number one non-grain food product. Originally grown in the Andes, the Spanish introduced Europe to the potato in the 16th century and the starchy crop hasn't looked back since. China is now the largest potato-producer worldwide. 

Cassava

Annual Production 2008: 232,950,180 tons

Average Yields 2008: 12.5 tons/hectare

The rundown: Cassava's importance in Africa and South America can not be overstated. As a drought-resistant crop that does well in poor soils, cassava is a starch-heavy lifesaver for low-income areas. Cassava eaters know that the roots and leaves must be cooked in order to lose that toxic level of cyanogenic glucosides.

Reference:http://www.businessinsider.com/10-crops-that-feed-the-world-2011-9?op=1

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